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Your Teen's Command Center: Get to Know It
Do you know how your brain works? Do you ever wonder why your teen behaves the way he/she does? Hopefully the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) offers you some understanding on their teen website, teens.drugabuse.gov. Being aware that the human brain is the command center for your entire body is the start. It makes you who you are. It receives information from your senses and controls your thoughts and movement throughout your life. To gain a better understanding, NIDA links the viewer to a five minute YouTube video that describes the parts of the brain and what they control.
Take the time to learn more about how you and your teen function. Discover the impact that substance use may have on your brain, especially the young brain still in development. The newer research regarding brain development is important information for parents and significant others to have. It will explain the developmental impact on decision making, the ability to generate consequences and the abstract thought process of your young person. To begin this learning journey, visit: https://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/your-really-totally-incredibly-awesome-brain.
Youth Vaping on the Increase!
As a parent, you may believe that e-cigarettes and vaping is not as risky as smoking cigarettes. The research shows that is not accurate. The results are now in for the 2018 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey. This annual survey measures drug and alcohol use of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders from across the country. This includes approximately 44,000 students. The survey also measures attitudes and trends. This year, teens reported a dramatic increase in using various vaping devices. Over 37.3 percent of seniors stated “vaping” in the past 12 months. This is compared to 27.8 percent in 2017. Seniors who reported use of vaping, specifically nicotine, had nearly doubled in just a single year.
Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, stated “Teens are clearly attracted to the marketable technology and flavorings seen in vaping devices. However, it is urgent that teens understand the possible effects of vaping on overall health.”
There are a variety of reasons why teens may not connect vaping with tobacco use or the substance of nicotine. With the tempting flavors and attractive devices, teens do not always realize harmful health consequences may be associated with the behavior.
Know the facts, talk with your teens and help them choose not to use. For more information, visit:
Bullying: What Can I Do?
Parents, have you witnessed symptoms of bullying with your teen or younger children? Are you confused as to what to be watching for? With the school term in full progress, the signs and symptoms of bullying may be surfacing but if you do not know what to watch for, you will struggle in addressing the issue. The website, www.youth gov, offers techniques that adults can use to help prevent bullying behaviors. As a caring parent these are important hints for you to know.
Understanding that bullying is a public health problem is a start. According to www.youth.gov, a quick and consistent message that bullying behavior is not acceptable can help halt the behavior over time. Unfortunately, bullying has long been accepted by many as a “rite of passage” for our young people. But remember, bullying is not a normal part of childhood. It is a public health problem. Bullying harms everyone involved, the youth who is bullied, the bully, and the community at large.
To address this issue, the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (www.national-academies.org) developed a Toolkit as a resource for youth, parents, teachers and communities to address the bullying concern. The Toolkit, titled PREVENTING BULLYING Through Science, Policy, and Practice can be retrieved on https://www.nap.edu/resource/23482/toolkit/teachers/index.html.
In the Toolkit, the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine identifies four main types of bullying they have defined as follows:
- Physical bullying involves the use of physical force (such as shoving, hitting, spitting, pushing, and tripping).
- Verbal bullying involves words or writing that cause harm (such as taunting, name calling, offensive notes or hand gestures, verbal threats).
- Relational bullying is behavior designed to harm the reputation and relationships of the targeted youth (such as social isolation, rumor-spreading, posting mean comments or pictures online).
- Damage to property is theft or damaging of the target youth’s property by the bully in order to cause harm.
Remember, bullying can happen at any age including the early school years. It can happen in a variety of settings and online. Be the “bully warrior” and win the battle to eliminate bullying for our children.
Talk… Talk… Talk
- Do you struggle with how and when to talk with your teen or young adult?
- If you talk, is it difficult to find the right words to discuss life’s issues?
- Do you want help with creating a safe and productive discussion regarding substance use?
The Partnership for Drug-free Kids has some effective guidelines for parents and other impactful adults to use when having this conservation with young people. The organization offers five tips on talking with a young person that addresses the potential barriers often created by this “talk.” The website: https://drugfree.org/article/how-to-talk-with-your-teen/ takes you through the following five steps:
- Choose a good time & place
- Approach your talk with openness, active listening & “I” statements
- Understand your influence as a parent/friend
- Offer empathy & support
- Keep in mind your teen’s brain is still developing.
If you have not had this conservation before, now is a good time to begin an ongoing discussion. With the new school year beginning and fall activities growing, the dangers associated with the use of substances becomes a definite risk. Support your young person with an honest, ongoing and open talk. Visit the Partnership for Drug-free Kids website at https://drugfree.org/ for more information. Have a safe and productive fall.
Create a Safer Home
Have you ever gone through your medicine cabinet and wondered what to do with all the pain medicines from your ankle sprain, surgery or your headaches? Do you hang on to the pills because you “might” need them sometime later? It may help you decide how and when to dispose of these substances if you understand the most commonly misused medications are opioids used in pain management. Unsafe prescribing and dispensing practices increase the potential for risk of opioid use disorder and a potential fatal overdose. Unfortunately, most people who misuse opioids have acquired them from a family member or friend. Often these are “borrowed” by the abuser without the person they were prescribed for knowing.
As household members, it is important to know the best ways to dispose of these dangerous unused substances. It is tempting to flush or throw away the drugs but it is not recommended the recommended way. The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) recommends disposing of unused medications through drug take-back programs that are available in many locations. For the appropriate methods of disposal or sites that provide drop off boxes, visit the IDPH website page and click on the resources provided. http://www.dph.illinois.gov/opioids/prevention. Remember, opioids are addictive and opioids are deadly. Help prevent a tragedy.
Do You Know? Learn the Facts!
As a teen or young adult, you may not be aware of the current warnings generated by the Illinois Department of Public Health in regard to the increasing alarm about the synthetic cannabinoids that are causing adverse reactions for individuals using these products laced with rat poison. Between April 24, 2018 and March 7, 2018, the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) documented over 153 cases of adverse reactions to the synthetic cannabinoids. Included among the reactions are coughing up blood, bleeding gums, and internal bleeding. Use of these synthetic chemicals is dangerous and has resulted in four reported deaths since March 7, 2018. IDPH reported the synthetic cannabinoid products, such as K2, spice, marijuana and legal weed, were obtained from convenience stores, dealers or friends. These products are sold for recreational use and marketed to you, the user, as instigating effects similar to marijuana.
With the occurrence of this health risk, it is important to be aware of the threatening environment created in our communities with this health concern. As a young person, you can make a difference by learning the facts and sharing them with your family and friends. The more you know about the dangers of using substances such as K2 or spice, the more prevention you can support within your environment. To learn more information about synthetic cannabinoid products, visit the IDPH Question & Answer page at: http://www.dph.illinois.gov/sites/default/files/publications/synthetic-cannabinoids-faq.pdf
Warning: Synthetic Cannabinoid Danger
Are you an informed parent or significant other? Do you know about the outbreak within Illinois of reported adverse reactions for individuals using synthetic cannabinoids laced with rat poison? Between April 24, 2018 and March 7, 2018, the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) documented over 153 cases of adverse reactions to the synthetic cannabinoids. The reactions, such as coughing up blood, bleeding gums, and internal bleeding are dangerous and have resulted in four reported deaths since March 7, 2018. IDPH reported the synthetic cannabinoid products, such as K2, spice, marijuana and legal weed, were obtained from convenience stores or dealers or friends. These products are sold for recreational use and marketed to the user as generating similar effects of cannabis.
As a parent or significant other, it is vital that you become knowledgeable about the drug. Share the dangers with your families and friends. Be aware that the best prevention is to know the facts and talk about it with those in your life. To assist you in learning more about this serious health danger, visit the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) website at: https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/synthetic-cannabinoids-k2spice.
In addition, the IDPH website has daily synthetic cannabinoid updates at 1:30 p.m. The updates will continue as long as the synthetic cannabinoid outbreak in Illinois is occurring. The website also links to other websites that can help inform and educate you about the dangers of the synthetic cannabinoids being marketed in Illinois. It will also offer prevention approaches you may take within your community and your family. To access the information, link to the following: http://www.dph.illinois.gov/topics-services/prevention-wellness/medical-cannabis/synthetic-cannabinoids. Help your community and your family stay healthy.
Supporting Your Youth
Recent traumatic events in our country have created stressful and worrisome times for students, schools, communities and parents alike. As caring families and communities, it is important that we are prepared to address trauma and support the healing process when we are faced with such impactful issues. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the National Child Traumatic Stress Network have generated a collection of resources to assist all of us in supporting our young people who have experienced traumatic events such as a school shooting or physical violence of another type. The following is a partial list that may aid you in learning how to address trauma, where to find resources for healing and how to build resilience within your family and community.
Resources from SAMHSA:
- Tips for Talking With and Helping Children and Youth Cope After a Disaster or Traumatic Event: A Guide for Parents, Caregivers, and Teachers
- Tips for College Students: After a Disaster or Other Trauma
Resources from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network:
- http://www.nctsn.org/trauma-types/traumatic-grief/what-childhood-traumatic-grief/its-okay-remember (video)
Holiday Celebrations and Alcohol Use: Addressing Teen Issues
Families, parents and teens alike, look forward to the holidays. This season is time off to celebrate with your family and friends. Often, alcohol is a part of your holiday traditions. As wonderful as it is to be with family and friends, we, as responsible adults, need consider how the teens in our family view the alcohol use as a tradition. When teens observe adults around them drinking alcohol, it may seem like alcohol consumption is harmless. With this observation, it may be more likely your teen will think nothing wrong about consuming alcohol during the holiday celebrations. Understanding how teens often respond to examples set by adults in their lives, recognize it is important to talk to your teen about alcohol use during celebrations, parties, and social events. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has created a Drugs and Health Blog that provides a variety of educational tools for teachers and parents to use in addressing alcohol use during the holidays. Both teachers and parents can view the tools to effectively address the use of alcohol at holiday celebrations by going to: http://mailchi.mp/1383f595c3d3/educate-teens-about-alcohol-use-during-the-holidays?e=acb63a2e49. Help protect your teen, ensure that they are aware of the risks.
Reliable! Or is it?
Have you ever told someone a fact, or a fact as you believe it? And the fact was one you got from looking on the internet. In today’s web based learning and research, we often look up very important information in regard to our health and believe that because it is “on the website” that the information is accurate. So you are probably wondering which websites to trust and who has the most up-to-date information. The National Institutes of Health has developed a website, Using Trusted Resources. This resource is filled with tips to help you find trusted resources for your health information. To access this information, visit https://newsinhealth.nih.gov/2017/09/health-information-you-can-trust. Remember, just because information is on the internet, it does not mean it is safe or accurate information. Be a smart consumer and seek the trusted web resources.
College: What Do I Need to Know?
- Are you a parent or guardian of a young adult headed to college/university?
- Are you concerned about how they will navigate their new environment?
- Do you wonder if how much you should get involved prior to sending your young adult to college?
These questions are typical of parents sending their young adults off for the college or university experience. According to information provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (2016), American college students reported 6% more alcohol use than their non-college peers and 9% more intoxication within a month period than their non-college peers. In addition, the research shows daily marijuana use among full-time students has more than tripled in the past 20 years. With this information in mind, if you looking for resources to help you talk with your student and support a healthy college experience, check out the two informative websites below:
- Department of Behavioral and Community Health, University of Maryland, Information for Parents at: http://sph.umd.edu/department/bch/cyahd/information-parents.
- College Parents Matter, Tools and scripts to improve communication with your college student at: http://www.collegeparentsmatter.org/.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (November 2016)
Take a Visit to the “COOL SPOT”
Parents of teens through young adults will enjoy a trip to the “Cool Spot” website. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) website called the “Cool Spot” has many interactive learning tools and games that educate participants about alcohol, addiction, health, and peer pressure. Furthermore, the “Cool Spot” links families and teens to a variety of resources that provide information on current substance abuse research, available help/support programs, and strategies for living a healthy lifestyle. Visit the “Cool Spot” by going to https://www.thecoolspot.gov/ and challenge your tween or teen to the Expectations Game or the Bag of Tricks Game. Have fun and learn lots!
The good news is here. The 2016 Monitoring the Future (MTF) annual survey results are in. The results were released last month by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the results indicate that teens today are less likely to use alcohol or tobacco than in past years. The percentage of teens who are smoking and consuming alcohol is dropping. For example, in 1996 22.2 percent of high school seniors reported smoking daily, but in 2016 only 4.8 percent of high school seniors smoked daily. The downward trend is good news for the health of teens now and in the future. You may learn more about the outcome of the MTF survey by linking to the websites below.